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Atmospheric Scintillation Effects on Electromagnetic Weapons
ARMY SPACE AND MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND REDSTONE ARSENAL AL
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Atmospheric turbulence has been shown to cause measurable effects on the propagation of electromagnetic radiation. These effects are significant at both visibleIR and microwave and millimeter wavelengths even though they vary as f76, where f is frequency. The contribution of the humidity structure function CQ 2 makes these effects significant for many applications in most wavebands of interest. In this paper we present results of calculations of the effects of atmospheric turbulence on electromagnetic signals propagated through the turbulent atmosphere with application to the use of an electromagnetic weapon to destroy an enemy sensor.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE