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Countering the Impact and Influence of Non-State Threats

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Master's thesis

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Non-state actors are indigenous social, political, and military organizations who often receive international support. The military arms of non-state actors do not rotate at a prescribed time rather they fight from their own homes for a conflicts duration and upon conclusion of the conflict, non-state threat members become the political and social leaders who emerge to lead local and federal governments. Rather than commit troops, external national supporters provide money and technical support that are not easily if at all traceable back to their sources. Such arrangements allow both the non-state threat and their supporters to continually confront and attrite a common opponent frequently without global awareness and world opinion turning against them. Conversely, opponents to these groups often rotate both units and individual combatants into and out of the battle zones at prescribed times. Short deployments do not optimize the oppositions abilities to isolate the spread and erode the influence of the nonstate actors. Due to this inability, the non-state actors often persist and eventually win. In order to win, non-state threats have taken on social and economic agendas that have gained them constituencies and subsequent legitimacy that rivals their host nation. The restoration of the host nations capabilities and credibility to improve the social and economic living conditions of its people facilitates the isolation and erosion of the non-state threats constituency. U.S. current military missions must therefore be pushed down in conjunction with host nation activities to the local levels adjacent to the non-state threats. These combined local actions must be expanded beyond current military and security means alone to include social and economic means. This new triple bottom line focus facilitates competition between the host nation and the non-state threat for the loyalty of the local constituent base.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations

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