The Federal Protective Service and Contract Security Guards: A Statutory History and Current Status
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
The Federal Protective Service FPS -- within U.S. Immigration Customs Enforcement ICE in the Department of Homeland Security DHS -- is responsible for protecting federal government property, personnel, visitors, and customers, including property leased by the General Services Administration GSA. FPS currently employs over 15,000 contract security guards to protect federal property. DHS continued the use of contract security guards to focus FPS activities on maintaining security policy and standards, conducting building security assessments, and monitoring federal agency compliance with security standards in FY2009. P.L. 110-329 the Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act of 2009 included provisions on FPS maintaining a certain number of police officers. The 110th Congress also enacted P.L. 110-356 the Federal Protective Service Guard Contracting Reform Act of 2008 which addressed the issue of awarding federal contracts to privately owned contract security guard businesses. The 111th Congress has yet to take any legislative action on FPS, however, the Administrations FY2010 budget request proposes to transfer FPS from ICE to the National Protection and Programs Directorate NPPD within DHS, which the House- and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 2892 support. This report will be updated as developments warrant.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology