Accession Number:

ADA504404

Title:

Oil and Gas Development in the Arctic Ocean -- Understanding the Legal and Regulatory Framework

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION SILVER SPRING MD

Report Date:

2008-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

Oil and gas companies have been focusing their efforts and devoting substantial resources to the Arctic Ocean with the goal of extracting potentially large oil and gas resources. While the Arctic Region may provide significant sources of energy for the United States, industry and Federal regulatory agencies must consider the impact of increased development in the Arctic environment, which is currently experiencing deterioration of sea ice due to changing climactic conditions. This paper describes the current legal and regulatory requirements pertaining to oil and gas development in the Arctic Ocean, including the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act OCSLA, the Marine Mammal Protection Act MMPA, the Endangered Species Act ESA, the National Environmental Policy Act NEPA, and the Administrative Procedure Act APA. In addition, the paper highlights key issues that have arisen in this area, including biological effects on marine mammals from seismic surveys and drilling operations and Alaska Native subsistence users and their concern over the environmental impacts of oil and gas development.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
  • Mining Engineering
  • Seismology
  • Fuels
  • Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE