Intron Retention Identifies a Malaria Vector within the Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) Albitaris Complex (Diptera: Culicidae)
SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA BELLE W BARUCH INST FOR MARINE BIOLOGY AND COASTAL RESEARCH
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Taxonomic identification of cryptic mosquito species is more than an academic exercise when members of the species complex function as human disease vectors. The correct identification of species involved in disease transmission is vital for development of public health strategies and assessment of effectiveness of previously implemented strategiese.g., vaccination or vector control efforts. Primary disease vectors may shift in response to variation in local environments including changes driven by human activity. For example, Anopheles Nyssorhynchus marajoara Galvao, and Damasceno Linthicum, 1988 is the principal malaria vector in northeastern Amazonia, replacing An. darling Root, perhaps as a result of changes in human activity Conn et al., 2002. Discrimination of An. marajoara from other members of the cryptic Albitarsis Complex remains a challenge, and evolutionary relationships among the members of this complex remain unresolved.
- Medicine and Medical Research