Synchronization in Packet Networks: Timing Metrics and Monitoring
BRILLIANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS SAN JOSE CA
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Packet Delay Variation PDV is a major impediment to transferring timing from a source MasterServer to destination SlaveClient over a packet-switched network. PDV directly affects frequency alignment synchronization and asymmetry of PDV impacts time alignment phase. There is considerable interest in the industry to establish a relationship between PDV and the ability to recover timephasefrequency via a packet-based method e.g., PTP, NTP. Recent developments in PDV analysis have indicated that it is feasible to build accurate models of network behavior under varying conditions of load, number of switches, forwarding algorithms, QoS implementation, and so on. It has also been shown that no single metric e.g., TDEV, minTDEV is sufficient to characterize PDV and that a suite of metrics is necessary. Study of PDV also develops intuition and permits heuristic approaches to be devised that use nonlinear processing to filtering of the PDV, greatly enhancing the performance of clock recovery compared to linear PLL methods. In this presentation, Brilliant will provide experimental results and demonstrate that 1 Practice does indeed have relationship to theory. Proper measurements are indeed consistent, repeatable, and significantly predictable 2 Proper heuristics and multiple metrics provide high-quality clock recovery and knowledge of the transport layer e.g., GigE, xDSL can be applied to improve performance.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
- Computer Programming and Software