Closing the Guantanamo Detention Center: Legal Issues
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Following the terrorist attacks of 911, Congress passed the Authorization to Use Military Force AUMF, which granted the President the authority to use all necessary and appropriate force against those ... who planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks against the United States. As part of the subsequent war on terror, many persons captured during military operations in Afghanistan and elsewhere were transferred to the U.S. Naval Station at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for detention and possible prosecution before military tribunals. Although nearly 800 persons have been transferred to Guantanamo since early 2002, the substantial majority of Guantanamo detainees have ultimately been transferred to a third country for continued detention or release. The 229 detainees who remain fall into three categories 1 persons placed in non-penal, preventive detention to stop them from rejoining hostilities 2 persons who have faced or are expected to face criminal charges and 3 persons who have been cleared for transfer or release, whom the United States continues to detain pending transfer. Although the Supreme Court ruled in Boumediene v. Bush that Guantanamo detainees may seek habeas corpus review of the legality of their detention, several legal issues remain unsettled, including the scope of habeas review available to Guantanamo detainees, the remedy available for those persons found to be unlawfully held by the United States, and the extent to which other constitutional provisions extend to noncitizens held at Guantanamo.
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