Counterfire Requirements in an Insurgency
MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA
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The U.S. and its coalition allies, conduct most operations from, secure locations, often called forward operating bases FOBs of Firm bases. However, constant enemy indirect fire attacks of rockets, artillery, and mortars have limited, even neutralized, the effectiveness of most U.S. operations primarily due to the second and third order consequences of these attacks. More often than not, indirect fire attacks occur on or near densely populated urban areas. Urban areas provide insurgents with certain advantages like concealed mobility. Perpetually, U.S. forces cordon and search areas in an effort to locate the origin of indirect enemy fire. Searches consume valuable time and result in further exposure of forces to follow-on direct andor indirect fire attacks. What makes these deadly attacks so problematic is that without identifying within a hundred meters the origin of an attack, attacking with incorrect information creates collateral damage and counterattacking allows casualties to escalate. The U.S. military has not been able to defeat the unconventional indirect fire threat facing our troops in both Operation Iraqi Freedom OIF and Operation Enduring Freedom OEF. The enemys use of shoot-and-scoot indirect fire tactics, techniques, and procedures TTPs presently rank second in terms of casualties and wounded in action WIA in both OIF and OEF. Countering these fires has surfaced as a critical tactical shortfall. The author proposes the adoption of a prototype lightweight countermortar radar, or LCMR, that was originally developed to meet a Special Operations Command SOCOM requirement in 2002 to counter the indirect fire threat. The LCMR is a lightweight, portable, omni-directional counterfire radar that can detect the origin, trajectory, and point of impact of an indirect fire attack from any location and direction.
- Unconventional Warfare
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
- Fire Control and Bombing Systems