Accession Number:

ADA503201

Title:

Impacts of U.S. Export Control Policies on Science and Technology Activities and Competitiveness

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2009-02-25

Pagination or Media Count:

29.0

Abstract:

On Wednesday, February 25, 2009 at 1000 am in room 2318 Rayburn House Office Building, the Committee on Science and Technology will hold a hearing to review the impacts of current export control policies on U.S. science and technology activities and competitiveness and to examine the findings and recommendations of the National Academies study, Beyond Fortress America National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World. The Cold War sparked the United States to make historic investments in scientific research and development that could serve our national security needs, including the support of university, government, and industrial research institutions. Those Cold War investments created a robust science and engineering workforce, drove innovation, fueled economic growth, and established the United States preeminence in science and technology. The Soviets, however, sought access to U.S. technologies for potential military applications. In response, the U.S. instituted mechanisms aimed at preventing the transfer of certain U.S.-developed components, systems, and information to the Soviet Union and other adversaries. These national security controls include the classification system, export controls, limitations on the transfer of knowledge about technologies, visa controls, and measures to restrict the dissemination of certain government-funded research that could threaten national security. Export controls, which are the focus of this hearing, are directed by the Arms Export Control Act of 1968 and the Export Administration Act of 1979.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Information Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE