Human Trafficking in Southeast Asia: Causes and Policy Implications
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis examines human trafficking within Southeast Asia to identify the similarities and differences between the causes of labor and sex trafficking. The thesis also analyzes how Cambodia, Thailand, and Indonesia have tailored their anti-trafficking policies to eliminate the causes of trafficking in their populations. The causes examined are divided into two distinct categories universal and specific. The universal causes are large-scale social issues that affect the majority of countries, such as poverty and globalization. The specific causes are those that are limited to the Southeast Asian region or the individual countries studied. The research shows that the policies of each country tend to be universally focused rather than specifically focused on the unique circumstances present in each country. As a result, their anti-trafficking policies are not as successful at reducing human trafficking as they could be. Countries must create policies that directly address the unique combination of universal and specific causes present in their societies to effectively combat the challenging issue of human trafficking.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law