Converting the JNEM Training Aid to a Forecasting Tool
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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The Joint Non-Kinetic Effects Model JNEM is a computer based simulation for training Division and Corps Commanders and Staffs in a manner that accurately replicates the complexities of interacting with civilian populations. The model replicates many of the dynamics that can affect the mood for a given population along four different axis Safety, Autonomy, Quality of Life, and Culture. The model replicates the myriad interactions that occur between population groups, enemy groups, and Coalition forces. By paying attention to these dynamics, the training audience can gain considerable insight and enjoy a much richer training experience prior to employing those skills in real life situations. This monograph poses the question that if the model is considered accurate, such that inputs by the training audience generate accurate and reasonable outputs in the form of population reactions, then could the model be modified in order to serve as a forecasting tool for Campaign Designers. Similar to a weather model, which is updated on a daily basis, could JNEM take real-world inputs and generate reasonably accurate forecasts for a populations mood This would not be an effort to predict the actions of a particular individual, but an effort to give indications and warning that a particular area was headed for trouble. Beginning with an introduction to Chaos and Complexity theories, the monograph examines the JNEM model for the potential to convert it from a training aid to a forecasting tool. The monograph concludes that JNEM, while structurally sound, isnt suited as a forecasting tool for the following reasons its use as a training aid, the use of implicit versus explicit assumptions regarding causation, the use of arbitrary values, the use or lack thereof of feedback to refine equations, and the concept of emergence.
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