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A Guide for Establishing a State Defense Force with a Homeland Security Mission

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Journal article

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The State Defense Force SDF, or State Guard or State Militia as it has been traditionally known, was typically thought to be the States National Guard Reserve. Its missions were typically to protect armories when National Guard NG units were on annual active service or when the units were activated in support of a Federal mission to Troop the Colors at public events and parades when the National Guard was not able to perform that activity to conduct military burials and other Honor Guard duties when the National Guard was not able to perform that activity as well to provide special military style support activities as requested by local jurisdictions with the Adjutant Generals TAGs specific approval and, in some very rare cases, based on that TAGs beliefs about the viability and credibility of his SDF, to conduct crowd control and other military police functions on a case by case basis. Today, however, the world has changed significantly and the National Guard has many more missions than was anticipated when it was first organized. The NG is now regularly activated for peace-keeping missions, for homeland security missions and in anticipation of a military response in foreign countries. Even when it performs a homeland defense mission within homeland security the NG performs in a WarFighter or military police role. The purpose of this Guide is to provide a structure for organizing a volunteer military SDF unit that State TAGs can activate in support of their NGs natural disaster, homeland security andor community assistance functions. A well-designed SDF would fully integrate with the NG by supplying talent through TAG to the Governor and the citizenry of the State on a voluntary basis that the NG either lacks, is weak in providing or is unable to provide due to a commitment to a Federal mission.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Civil Defense
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

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