Accession Number:

ADA499338

Title:

Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume , Number 4, July 1995

Descriptive Note:

Monthly rept.

Corporate Author:

ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD

Report Date:

1995-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

During June 1995, the senior medical officer for one of the United Nations UN battalions in Haiti called the Force Surgeons office to report a fourfold increase in the rate of diarrhea over the previous two weeks. The Force Surgeon formed a five person preventive medicine PM team consisting of an infectious disease officer, a preventive medicine officer, an environmental science officer, and two preventive medicine technicians. The PM teams objective was to visit the site, conduct clinical, epidemiological, and environmental water, food preparation, etc. evaluations, and make recommendations to correct identified problems. Although based in the same general vicinity, the battalion n850 experiencing the outbreak of diarrhea was located on one side of an airstrip while two smaller UN contingents n100, n120 were located on the other side. Interviews were conducted with the senior medical officers for each of three contingents. The battalion had been in Haiti for three months during which they had observed 26 3.0 cases the first month, 13 1.5 cases the second month, and 80 9.4 cases the third month. Of the 80 cases identified during the third month, 68 85 had occurred during the preceding two weeks. In contrast to the battalion, the two smaller contingents had continued to observe only a sporadic and low proportion of sick call visits with a chief complaint of diarrhea. All three contingents were using potable bulk water provided by contractor. However, only the two smaller contingents were using bottled water that had been tested and approved for use.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Microbiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE