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The Texas Medical Rangers in the Military Response of the Uniformed Medical Reserve Corps to Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita 2005: The New and Tested Role of the Medical Reserve Corps in the United States

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Journal article

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The stormy waters of Louisiana crashed against the sturdy shores of Texas. This quote from the Dallas Chief Medical Officer, Raymond Fowler, M.D., set the stage for what happened after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita in 2005, and for what follows here. Dr. Fowler went on to say that one-third of all those transported out of Louisiana were received by his service in North Texas. Treatment was given to more than 8,000 patients in the first two week period. There were no fatalities and no adverse outcomes. And the Texas Medical Rangers of the Texas State Guard, in North Texas, were an integral and pervasive part of making this happen. This previously untested uniformed medical reserve corps demonstrated its ability to deliver what it had promised medical augmentation, reliability under extreme stress, practical attention to diverse and special populations, and military professionalism. The Texas State Guard was organized by Congressional passage of the state defense force statutes in 1940. The tradition of the Texas State Guard dates to the Republic of Texas in 1835. The Texas Medical Rangers have been established for only about three years. They were first organized within the Texas State Guard 10 March 2003 with the Headquarters in San Antonio, Texas. The northern area command was organized 27 March 2004. Texas Medical Rangers are a Uniformed Medical Reserve Corps developed much like their civilian counterparts. A major difference is the military structure and organization. Whereas civilian medical reserve corps are organized along county lines, the uniformed medical reserve corps is organized on a state-wide basis.

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  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Military Forces and Organizations

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