Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 6, Number 8, September/October 2000
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
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Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women. During the year 2000 in the United States, it is estimated that 183,000 new cases of breast cancer will be diagnosed and nearly 41,000 women will die from the disease. Early detection is the best weapon in the fight against breast cancer since early detection leads to early diagnosis. Ninety percent of women whose breast cancers are detected and treated early can expect to be disease free after 5 years. The American Cancer Society recommends that women younger than 40 perform breast self examinations BSE every month and have breast examinations by a physician every 3 years. Recent surveys among nonmilitary women in the US have found discordances between their knowledge and practices regarding the early detection of breast cancer. For example, while their knowledge of BSE is high, as high as 92 in some surveys, their practice of BSE is low, ranging from 20 to 40. This study was designed to document rates of malignant breast cancer diagnoses among female active duty soldiers, more than 90 of whom are younger than 40 years old, and to assess practices of female soldiers in regard to self- and physician conducted breast examinations.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research