Translation of User Needs to System Requirements
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Department of the Navy system acquisition begins with a statement of user need. Delivery of required capability depends heavily on the effective translation of user need to system requirements. Failure typically results in program cost overruns, schedule slippage, and sometimes partial or complete failure to deliver needed capability. Architectures as part of systems engineering were created to cope with the growing complexity of modern systems. The Navy develops and operates some of the most complex systems in the world. Yet, architecture development, while mandated, remains largely ancillary to the systems engineering process. As a result, much of the engineering advantage of architectures remains untapped. This study examined U.S. Navy policy, process, and current engineering and architectures standards and identified recommendations to improve the process of translating user needs to system requirements while facilitating the use of architectures.
- Administration and Management