Impacts of Sigma Coordinates on the Euler and Navier-Stokes Equations using Continuous Galerkin Methods
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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In this thesis, the impacts of transforming the coordinate system of an existing x-z mesoscale model to x-sigmaz are analyzed and discussed as they were observed in three test cases. The three test cases analyzed are A rising thermal bubble, a linear hydrostatic mountain, and a linear nonhydrostatic mountain. The methods are outlined for the transformation of two sets set 1, the non-conservative form using Exner pressure, momentum, and potential temperature and set 2, the non-conservative form using density, momentum, and potential temperature of the x-z Navier-Stokes equations to x-sigmaz and their spatial Continuous Galerkin and temporal Runge-Kutta 35 discretization methods are shown in detail. For all three test cases evaluated, the xsigma z models performed worse than their x-z counterparts, yielding higher RMS errors, which were observed predominantly in intensity values and not in placement of steady state features. Since the models did converge to a fairly representative steady-state solution the results found by this project are promising, even though they did indicate that x-sigmaz coordinates are not as accurate or efficient as x-z coordinates. With further fine-tuning of the model environment, these issues could be made minimal enough to warrant their utility with semi-implicit methods.
- Numerical Mathematics