Accession Number:

ADA496848

Title:

Unconventional Fossil-Based Fuels. Economic and Environmental Trade-Offs

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA

Report Date:

2008-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

99.0

Abstract:

Both high import payments for petroleum motor fuels and concerns regarding emissions of carbon dioxide CO2 are motivating interest in possible fuel substitutes. Petroleum products derived from conventional crude oil constitute more than 50 percent of end-use energy deliveries in the United States and more than 95 percent of all energy used in the U.S. transportation sector. Almost 60 percent of liquid fuels are imported. Emissions from the consumption of petroleum account for 44 percent of the nations CO2 emissions, with approximately 33 percent of national CO2 emissions resulting from transportation-fuel use. In this report, RAND researchers assess the potential future production levels, production costs, greenhouse gases, and other environmental implications of synthetic crude oil extracted from oil sands and fuels produced via coal liquefaction relative to conventional petroleum-based transportation fuels. The findings indicate the potential cost-competitiveness of these alternative fuels and the potential trade-offs that their deployment requires between economic and environmental considerations.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Fuels

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE