Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 6, Number 10, December 2000
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
Pagination or Media Count:
Cold weather injuries CWI are a serious threat to the health and performance of soldiers. Prolonged exposures to low temperatures, wind, and moisture during military operations and training can place soldiers at extremely high risk. During 1995- 1996, there were 293 reported CWIs among active duty soldiers. The majority of these cases occurred among soldiers who were male, black, and in the youngest age group 20 years. This report summarizes the CWI experience of active duty soldiers during the cold weather seasons of 1997-2000. Methods. All data were derived from the Defense Medical Surveillance System. Inpatient, outpatient, and reportable events data records were searched to identify all CWIs ICD-9-CM codes 991.0-991.9. The following periods were considered cold weather seasons October 1997-March 1998, October 1998-March 1999, and October 1999-March 2000. The study population included all soldiers on active duty during these cold weather seasons. Incidence rates were calculated by dividing the number of CWI cases by the person-years of active Army service during each cold weather season. Incidence rates were examined in relation to gender, age, and race.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics