Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 7, Number 1, January 2001
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
Pagination or Media Count:
As the most prevalent arthropod-transmitted disease in the world, malaria poses one of the most significant threats to the health and operational effectiveness of deployed military forces. Since the end of the cold war, deployments of US military forces have increased in numbers and expanded in geographic scope. As a result, US soldiers are now exposed to malaria risks more frequently and in more regions of the world than in the recent past. For several decades prior to 1993, the Republic of Korea was considered to be free of malaria. In 1993, however, indigenous transmission of vivax malaria reemerged in Korea near the demilitarized zone DMZ. Since then, malaria rates have increased among soldiers and civilians who reside or train near the DMZ. For the past several years, the majority of malaria infections among US soldiers were acquired in Korea, and in 1999, 75 of malaria cases among US soldiers were considered Korea acquired. This report summarizes malaria incidence among US soldiers during calendar year 2000.
- Medicine and Medical Research