Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 9, Number 1, January 2003
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
Pagination or Media Count:
Malaria is a mosquito-transmitted febrile infectious disease that is endemic throughout the tropics. It is estimated that malaria accounts for nearly 500 million clinically significant cases and more than one million deaths each year worldwide. In recent years, the intensity and extent of malaria endemicity have increased. In the U.S. Army, many soldiers are permanently assigned in malaria endemic areas in addition, many soldiers are exposed to malaria risk during operations and training overseas. Since the mid-1990s, a majority of malaria cases among U.S. soldiers have been caused by Plasmodium vivax infections acquired along the Demilitarized Zone DMZ in Korea. Because many P. vivax infections acquired in Korea have long incubation times, many cases acquired by U.S. soldiers in Korea are clinically expressed and diagnosed during subsequent assignments outside of Korea. This report summarizes the malaria experience of U.S. Army soldiers during calendar year 2002.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Forces and Organizations