Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 10, Number 4, July/August 2004
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
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Since October 1985, all civilian applicants for U.S. military service have been screened for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 HIV-1 during preinduction medical examinations at Military Entrance Processing Stations MEPS. Since 1986, all members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces have been periodically screened for antibodies to HIV-1. This report summarizes prevalences and trends of new diagnoses of HIV-1 infection among civilian applicants for military service and among routinely screened soldiers in active and reserve components of the US Army. Methods. For active, Reserve, and National Guard soldiers, new diagnoses of HIV-1 infections were summarized based on the earliest positive confirmed antibody test results of individuals who were listed with identical information on relevant personnel files. For calendar year-specific seroprevalence calculations, denominators were the numbers of soldiers in each component who were tested at least once during each calendar year. Annual HIV-1 infection prevalences among civilian applicants for service were calculated by dividing the number of applicants with first positive confirmed antibody test results each calendar year by the number of applicants tested during each year.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies