Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 11, Number 4, July/August 2005
ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
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Since October 1985, all civilian applicants for U.S. military service have been screened for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 HIV-1 during pre-induction medical examinations at Military Entrance Processing Stations MEPS. Since 1986, all members of active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces have been periodically screened for antibodies to HIV-1.1 This report summarizes prevalences and trends of new diagnoses of HIV-1 infection among civilian applicants for military service and among soldiers in active and reserve components of the U.S. Army who have been screened since 1990. Methods For active, Reserve, and National Guard soldiers, new diagnoses of HIV-1 infections were identified based on results of tests of individuals who were listed on contemporaneous personnel files. For this summary, a new diagnosis was defined as two positive results from evaluations of two different specimens from the same individual or one positive result from evaluation of one specimen if it was the last for the individual. For calendar year-specific summaries in Army components, denominators were the numbers of soldiers in each component who were tested at least once during each calendar year. Annual HIV-1 infection prevalences among civilian applicants for service were calculated by dividing the number of applicants with new diagnoses of HIV-1 infection each calendar year by the number of applicants tested each year.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Medicine and Medical Research