LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Zimbabwes prospects appeared promising in 1980, as it gained independence after a long liberation war. Rising inflation and unemployment bred discontent in the 1990s and led in 1999 to the formation of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change MDC. The new party surprised many with its initial success, campaigning against a 2000 referendum that would have legalized the presidents continued rule, made government officials immune from prosecution, and allowed the uncompensated seizure of white-owned land for redistribution to black farmers. The referendum failed, and the MDC won nearly half the seats in the 2000 parliamentary election. The government of President Robert Mugabe has since taken numerous, often undemocratic actions to bolster its power.
- Government and Political Science