Latin America: Terrorism Issues
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America has intensified, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation. In its April 2008 Country Reports on Terrorism, the State Department highlighted threats in Colombia and the tri-border area of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Cuba has remained on the State Departments list of state sponsors of terrorism since 1982, which triggers a number of economic sanctions. U.S. officials have expressed concerns over the past several years about Venezuelas lack of cooperation on antiterrorism efforts, its relations with Cuba and Iran, and President Hugo Chavezs sympathetic statements for Colombian terrorist groups. In May 2008, for the third year in a row, the Department of State, pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act, included Venezuela on the annual list of countries not cooperating on antiterrorism efforts. In the 110th Congress, the House approved H.Con.Res. 188 and H.Con.Res. 385, both condemning the 1994 bombing of the Argentine-Israeli Mutual Association in Buenos Aires, and H.Res. 435, expressing concern over the emerging national security implications of Irans efforts to expand its influence in Latin America, and emphasizing the importance of eliminating Hezbollahs financial network in the tri-border area. The Senate approved S.Con.Res. 53, condemning the hostage-taking of three U.S. citizens for over 4 years by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC. To date in the 111th Congress, one legislative initiative has been introduced, H.R. 375 Ros-Lehtinen, with the goal of bolstering the capacity and cooperation of Western Hemisphere countries to counter current and emerging threats promoting Western Hemisphere cooperation to prevent the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and securing universal adherence to agreements regarding nuclear proliferation.
- Government and Political Science
- Unconventional Warfare