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Iraq: Reconstruction Assistance

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Congressional rept.

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A large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq since mid-2003. To date, about 49 billion has been appropriated for Iraq reconstruction. Most recently, in June 2008, Congress approved over 4 billion for Iraq reconstruction in a FY20082009 supplemental appropriations bill, H.R. 2642 P.L. 110-252. The FY2009 regular foreign operations appropriations P.L. 111-8, Division H, H.R. 1105, signed by the President on March 11, 2009 provides no economic aid to Iraq with the exception of demining assistance. Security aid and most economic aid are provided in supplemental appropriations bills. On June 28, 2004, the entity implementing assistance programs, the Coalition Provisional Authority CPA, dissolved, and sovereignty was returned to Iraq. U.N. Security Council Resolution 1546 of June 8, 2004, returned control of assets held in the Development Fund for Iraq to the government of Iraq. U.S. economic assistance is now provided through the U.S. embassy, while security aid is chiefly managed by the Pentagon. A significant number of reconstruction activities, especially those involving construction of road, sanitation, electric power, oil production, and other infrastructure, are completed or near completion. Security concerns slowed progress and added considerable expense to these efforts. Reconstruction priorities and funding mechanisms have changed over time. The Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund IRRF, the main U.S. assistance account in the first few years, is no longer available, and most large-scale infrastructure programs are no longer funded. However, many small-scale, targeted community-level infrastructure efforts are funded under the Commanders Emergency Response Program CERP and the Economic Support Fund ESF. The key emphases of the aid program are the training of Iraqi forces and programs assisting the development of Iraqi governing capacities and supporting the work of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams PRTs.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science
  • Civil Engineering
  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology
  • Military Forces and Organizations

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