Adaptive Change Detection in Coherent and Noncoherent SAR Imagery
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ADELPHI MD
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This paper is concerned with change detection in averaged multi-look SAR imagery. Averaged multi-look SAR images are preferable to full aperture SAR reconstructions when the imaging algorithm is approximation based e.g., polar format processing, or motion data are not accurate over a long full aperture. We study the application of a SAR change detection method, known as Signal Subspace Processing, that is based on the principles of 2D adaptive filtering 13, 14 and we use it to recognize the addition of surface landmines to a particular area under surveillance. We identify the change detection problem as a trinary hypotheses testing problem, and identify a change signal and its normalized version to determine whether there is i no change in the imaged scene ii a target has entered the imaged scene or iii a target has exited the imaged scene. A statistical analysis of the error signal is provided to show its properties and merits. Results are provided with a realistic X band SAR platform using averaged noncoherent multi-look and coherent single-look SAR imagery.
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