Developing Security Force Assistance: Lessons from Foreign Internal Defense
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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Developing Security Force Assistance Lessons from Foreign Internal Defense by MAJ Thomas R. Matelski. U.S. Army, 55 pages. As the United States Army continues to fight the spread of radical religious terrorism and transnational actors, there has been a realization that there is a need for development of an indirect approach as a complement to major combat operations MCOs. The concept of Security Force Assistance SFA was born out of the need to be able to train, equip, and employ Foreign Security Forces FSF. The Joint Center for International Security Force Assistance JCISFA was created in April 2006 to develop integrated tactics, techniques, and procedures TTPs that apply to the whole force including General Purpose Forces GPF and Special Operations Forces SOF. As JCISFA has grown in scope and responsibility, Security Force Assistance SFA requires clearer definition and deconfliction with the current concepts and doctrine of Foreign Internal Defense FID in order to implement SFA across the DoD. There are mechanisms and systems that combine the strengths of SOF and conventional forces. Through an analysis of SOFs experience in Vietnam, Colombia, and contemporary operations there are several common threads that SFA can take forward as it develops unity of effort, Whole of Government Approach, Civil Information Mangement, and the Embassy Country Team. Each of these ideas supports the others and builds towards the comprehensive focus that SFA seeks to provide in accomplishing the mission. SFA will increase in ability and execution. A more informed SFA will make a better SFA. SOF can inform and should inform SFA. U.S. Special Operations Command USSOCOM and JCISFA should pay careful attention to the many lessons provided by SOFs experience with Foreign Internal Defense FID as they continue to develop SFA.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics