Cognitive Issues Related to Advanced Cockpit Displays: Supporting the Transition between Internal and External Guidance
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS
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A critical issue in military aviation is the pilots ability to transition between primarily internal head-down, instrument-driven and external head-up, out of the cockpit guidance. Experimental cockpit displays were designed and tested for how well they might support this transition phase for military pilots performing time-critical air-to-ground targeting missions such as Forward Air Control and Close Air Support. Twelve subjects performed three sets of experiments using a flight simulator with simulated heads-up display in the forward field of view connected to a moving-map display. The experiments were designed to help explain which visual cues in the displays might best help a pilot 1 navigate to a given target area flight guidance phase of a mission and 2 search for, find and identify a target the target acquisition phase.