Accession Number:

ADA494394

Title:

The Reemergence of the Arctic as a Strategic Location

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2008-05-22

Pagination or Media Count:

116.0

Abstract:

This monograph analyzes the Arctic region as a system by examining the strengths and weaknesses of its political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, and information subsystems. The analysis reveals key nodes critical people and things and key linkages critical relationships between the nodes. Key nodes include the ice itself, three of the Arctic states Russian Federation, United States, and Canada, the European Union EU, multinational oil and gas corporations, supra-national nongovernmental organizations, indigenous groups, the World Trade Organization, the internet, and trade among the Arctic states. Key linkages include the Arctic Council, the Barents Euro-Arctic Council, the Nordic Council, the EUs Northern Dimension, the indigenous groups councils, and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS treaty. The analysis also reveals the systems potential. At this time, the Arctic could either become an area of conflict as the quest for resources drives states to clash, or an area of cooperation, with states securing their national interests within UNCLOS. The author uses the knowledge gained from examining the Arctic region as a system to determine what this means for the United States. She discusses the instruments of national power as applied to the Arctic system, with a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats SWOT analysis for each instrument. The author concludes that it is critical for the United States to develop its vision, objectives, and policies regarding the Arctic region prior to 2012, when a majority of the Arctic coastal states will submit their UNCLOS claims.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science
  • Geography
  • Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
  • Fuels

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE