Sexism, Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault: Toward Conceptual Clarity
TEXAS UNIV AT SAN ANTONIO
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This research focuses on creating conceptual distinctions among sexual harassment, sexist behaviors and sexual assault and creating a first attempt at delineating the empirical relationships among them. Data are from the 2004 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Reserve Components WGRR, which was designed both to estimate the level of sexual harassment and provide information on a variety of consequences of harassment. Results suggest that a sexist environment is one that facilitates both environmental and individualized sexually harassing behaviors, and in such climates assault is far more likely to occur. Active policy efforts to reduce sexist and harassing behaviors can make a major difference in the likelihood of such events. This analysis suggests that a focus on environmental harassment might be very effective because such public, visible actions are identifiable and subject to policy intervention.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations