China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities - Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Concern has grown in Congress and elsewhere since the 1990s about Chinas military modernization. Several of the U.S. Navys most expensive acquisition programs, as well as Navy initiatives for homeporting ships and for training sailors, are for developing or maintaining capabilities that could be useful or critical in countering improved Chinese mantime military capabilities in coming years. The issue for Congress addressed in this report is How should Chinas military modernization be factored into decisions about U.S. Navy programs Several elements of Chinas military modernization have potential implications for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. These include theater-range ballistic missiles TBMs, land-attack cruise missiles LACMs, anti-ship cruise missiles ASCMs, surface-to-air missiles SAMs, land-based aircraft, naval mines, submarines, surface combatants, amphibious ships, nuclear weapons, and possibly high-power microwave HPM devices. Chinas naval limitations or weaknesses include capabilities for operating in waters more distant from China, joint operations, C4ISR command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, long-range surveillance and targeting systems, anti-air warfare AAW, antisubmarine warfare ASW, mine countermeasures MCM, and shipbuilding dependence on foreign suppliers.
- Military Forces and Organizations