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Power and Leader Effectiveness in Organizations: A Literature Review

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MBA professional rept.

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This study examines the effects of power, interpersonal attraction, and perceived similarity on employee and organizational outcomes. The purpose of the paper is twofold. The first purpose is to review the communication and organizational literature on power to illustrate how various uses and forms of power impact employee perceptions of leaders. Scholars from various disciplines have accepted the definition of power as the capacity to produce intended effects, and in particular, the ability to influence the behavior of another person. This definition of power can be extended to describe a leaders power in the workplace, as leaders are often characterized by their capacity to make effective decisions and their ability to influence their employees actions and perceptions. The results of this research might help military leaders better understand how their communicative behavior affects their subordinates. The second purpose of the paper is to review the literature on interpersonal attraction and investigate its impact on employee outcomes. Interpersonal attraction in a relationship is most often described as the attitudes that one person has toward another person. The nature of interpersonal attraction in relationships has been associated with individual mental health and physical well-being, and perceived similarity is a factor that often explains why interpersonal attraction occurs in the workplace. The results of this research on interpersonal attraction and perceived similarity might aid military leaders in further understanding how interpersonal attraction in relationships might impact organizational outcomes.

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  • Administration and Management
  • Psychology

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