Anchoring-Induced Texture & Shear Banding of Nematic Polymers in Shear Cells
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF MATHEMATICS
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We numerically explore texture resolved by the second-moment of the orientational distribution and shear banding of nematic polymers in shear cells, allowing for one-dimensional morphology in the gap between parallel plates. We solve the coupled Navier-Stokes and Doi-Marrucci-Greco orientation tensor model, considering both confined orientation in the plane of shear and full orientation tensor degrees of freedom, and both primary flow and vorticity in the full tensor model components. This formulation makes contact with a large literature on analytical and numerical cf. the review 41 as well as experimental cf. the review 45 studies of nematic polymer texture and flow feedback. Here we focus on remarkable sensitivity of texture shear band phenomena to plate anchoring conditions on the orientational distribution. We first explore steady in-plane flow-nematic states at low Peclet Pe and Ericksen Er numbers, where asymptotic analysis provides exact texture scaling properties 18, 6. We illustrate that in-plane steady states co-exist with, and are unstable to, out-of-plane steady states, yet the structures and their scaling properties are not dramatically different. Non-Newtonian shear bands arise through orientational stresses. They are explored first for steady states, where we show the strength and gap location of shear bands can be tuned with anchoring conditions. Next, unsteady flow-texture transitions associated with the Ericksen number cascade are explored. We show the critical Er of the steady-to-unsteady transition, and qualitative features of the space-time attractor, are again strongly dependent on wall anchoring conditions. Other simulations highlight unsteady flow-nematic structures over 3 decades of the Ericksen number, comparisons of shear banding and texture features for in-plane and out-of-plane models, and vorticity generation in out-of-plane attractors.
- Polymer Chemistry
- Safety Engineering
- Fluid Mechanics