Accession Number:

ADA488310

Title:

Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Report Date:

2006-08-14

Pagination or Media Count:

53.0

Abstract:

This report analyzes the current conflict between Israel and two U.S. State Department-designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations FTOs the Lebanese Shiite Muslim group Hezbollah and the radical Palestinian Hamas organization. On July 12, 2006, what had been a localized conflict between Israel and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip instantly became a regional conflagration after Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers in a surprise attack along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Israel has responded by carrying out air strikes against suspected Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, and Hezbollah has countered with rocket attacks against cities and towns in northern Israel. To push Hezbollah back from its border, Israel has launched a full-scale ground operation in Lebanon with the hopes of establishing a security zone free of Hezbollah militants. Meanwhile, Israeli clashes with Hamas and other Palestinian militants have continued in the Gaza Strip. The Bush Administration has repeatedly stated its unequivocal support for Israel during this time of crisis. Many in the international community have called for an immediate cease-fire. On August 11, after intensive diplomacy, the U.N. Security Council adopted a U.S.-French drafted resolution Resolution 1701 that would end the fighting and lead to the formation of a new or expanded international peacekeeping force in Lebanon. On July 18, 2006, the Senate passed S.Res. 534, which, among other things, calls for the release of Israeli soldiers who are being held captive by Hezbollah or Hamas, condemns the governments of Iran and Syria for their continued support for Hezbollah and Hamas, urges all sides to protect innocent civilian life and infrastructure, and strongly supports the use of all diplomatic means available to free the captured Israeli soldiers.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE