Accession Number:

ADA488246

Title:

Environmentally Responsible Microbiological Production of Energetic Ingredients

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 24 Mar 2006-24 Jun 2007

Corporate Author:

INFOSCITEX CORP WALTHAM MA

Report Date:

2007-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

27.0

Abstract:

In this SERDP proof-of-concept project, Infoscitex evaluated a possibility to generate explosives nitramines RDX, HMX using biosynthetic approaches. Nitramines are widely used by the U.S. military as key components of contemporary weapons. However, production of these nitroenergetics involves the use of highly concentrated hot nitric and sulfuric acids, results in the emission of nitrogen oxides, and is also a potential health hazard. The development of an alternative process for producing nitro-energetic compounds under milder conditions, in an environmentally friendly manner, and in higher yields would result in a significant saving and improvement of the quality of life in the surrounding communities. The focus of this SERDP effort was to develop microorganisms capable of catalyzing bioconversion oxidation-nitration of the common RDX precursor, hexamine, into RDX in presence of nitrite and peroxide.

Subject Categories:

  • Biochemistry
  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE