Harmonic Approaches to Non-Intrusive Load Diagnostics
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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The Non-Intrusive Load Monitor NILM is a system that monitors, records and processes voltage and current measurements to establish the operating characteristics of individual loads on a load center from a single aggregate measurement. The NILM can also be used to actively monitor degradation or diagnose specific system failures. Current NILM research conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technologys Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems LEES is exploring the application and expansion of NILM technology for the use of monitoring a myriad of electromechanical loads. This thesis presents a fundamental guide to understanding NILM operation using laboratory bench testing and demonstrates its potential to detect an array of electric machine failures before they become catastrophic. The NILMs ability to the monitor the current spectrum of electric machines can be used to immediately diagnose multiple common system casualties and detect unusual system operation. Clean current spectrum regions can be exploited by selecting induction machine design characteristics that result in eccentric modulation frequencies occurring in areas free of supply frequency harmonics. . Current spectrum analysis was used to demonstrate the NILMs potential to monitor multiple machines from an aggregate source and discuss intersystem impedances. It can be shown that multiple machines with slightly varied physical characteristics, such as induction motor rotor slots, coupled with using clean current spectral regions support automated diagnostic system development. Measurements and experimentation were conducted in the LEES laboratory and the Industrial Support Center electric shop, Boston.
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
- Electricity and Magnetism