Accession Number:

ADA488145

Title:

Evaluation of Subsurface Engineered Barriers at Waste Sites

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1998-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

149.0

Abstract:

Subsurface engineered barriers have been used to isolate hazardous wastes from contact, precipitation, surface water, and groundwater. The objective of this study was to determine the performance of such barriers installed throughout the United States over the past 20 years to remediate hazardous waste sites and facilities. The study focused on vertical barriers evaluation of caps was a secondary objective. This study provides the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys EPA waste programs with a national retrospective analysis of barrier field performance, and information that may be useful in developing guidance on the use and evaluation of barrier systems. The overall approach to the study was to assemble existing performance monitoring results from a number of sites, and examine those results in light of remedial performance objectives and factors that may influence performance, that is, design, construction quality assuranceconstruction quality control CQACQC, types of monitoring programs, and operation and maintenance OM efforts. A national search was launched to locate hazardous waste sites i.e., Superfund sites, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA facilities, and other hazardous waste management units at which vertical barrier walls had been used as the containment method during a remedial or corrective action. An initial list of 130 sites was developed. A subset of sites was then selected on the basis of availability of monitoring data to enable a detailed analysis of actual field performance. Where caps were present at these sites, they were included in the study as well. Two available nonhazardous waste sites and one cap-only site with extensive data were also included to further inform the study. A total of 36 sites were analyzed in detail.

Subject Categories:

  • Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control
  • Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE