Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2009
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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President Bush has proposed total research and development RD funding of 147.0 billion in his FY2009 budget request to Congress, a 3.9 billion 2.7 increase over the estimated FY2008 level of 143.1 billion. Five federal agencies would receive 92.8 of total federal RD spending the Department of Defense 54.8, Department of Health and Human Services 20.1, National Aeronautics and Space Administration 7.3, Department of Energy 7.2, and National Science Foundation 3.5. The President s request includes 29.3 billion for basic research, up 847 million 3.0 from FY2008 27.1 billion for applied research, down 1.0 billion -3.6 84.0 billion for development, up 1.6 billion 1.9 and 6.5 billion for RD facilities and equipment, up 2.5 billion 61.7. Congress is to play a central role in defining the nation s RD priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues the extent to which the Federal RD investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. A low or negative growth rate in the overall RD investment may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities. The Administration has requested significantly larger percentage increases in the RD budgets of the three agencies that are part of its American Competitiveness Initiative the Department of Energy s Office of Science, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. In 2007, Congress authorized substantial RD increases for these agencies under the America COMPETES Act P.L. 110-69. The President s budget would reduce RD funding for four agencies the Department of Agriculture, down 357 million -15.5 the Department of Veterans Affairs, down 76 million -7.9 the Department of the Interior, down 59 million -8.7 and the Environmental Protection Agency, down 7 million -1.3.
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