Accession Number:

ADA486582

Title:

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities -- Background and Issues for Congress

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2008-09-12

Pagination or Media Count:

136.0

Abstract:

Concern has grown in Congress and elsewhere since the 1990s about Chinas military modernization. Several of the U.S. Navys most expensive acquisition programs, as well as Navy initiatives for homeporting ships and for training sailors, are for developing or maintaining capabilities that could be useful or critical in countering improved Chinese maritime military capabilities in coming years. How should Chinas military modernization be factored into decisions about U.S. Navy programs Several elements of Chinas military modernization have potential implications for future required U.S. Navy capabilities. These include theater-range ballistic missiles TBMs, land-attack cruise missiles LACMs, anti-ship cruise missiles ASCMs, surface-to-air missiles SAMs, land-based aircraft, naval mines, submarines, surface combatants, amphibious ships, nuclear weapons, and possibly high-power microwave HPM devices. Chinas naval limitations or weaknesses include capabilities for operating in waters more distant from China, joint operations, C4ISR, long-range surveillance and targeting systems, anti-air warfare AAW, antisubmarine warfare ASW, mine countermeasures MCM, and shipbuilding dependence on foreign suppliers. Observers believe a near-term focus of Chinas military modernization is to field a force that can succeed in a short-duration conflict with Taiwan and act as an anti-access force to deter U.S. intervention or delay the arrival of U.S. forces, particularly naval and air forces, in such a conflict. Some analysts speculate that China may attain a capable maritime anti-access force by about 2010. Chinas naval modernization has potential implications for required U.S. Navy capabilities in terms of preparing for a conflict in the Taiwan Strait, maintaining U.S. Navy presence and military influence in the Western Pacific, and countering Chinese ballistic missile submarines SLBMs. This report will be updated as events warrant.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE