Accession Number:

ADA485845

Title:

Animal Effects from Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Tests

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept. 20 Jan-20 Dec 2007

Corporate Author:

ITT CORP ALEXANDRIA VA ADVANCED ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE DIV

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2008-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

118.0

Abstract:

This two-part document describes the effect on animal models of atmospheric nuclear weapons tests performed by the Soviet Union at the Semipalatinsk Test Site. Part I describes the air blast and thermal radiation effects. Part 2 covers the effects of primary prompt radiation and secondary fallout radiation on the test subjects. It also covers combined radiation injuries, defined as a combination of radiation and non-radiation injuries. Several different animal species were used. Animals were emplaced at varying distances from the explosions epicenter, and in a variety of terrain configurations open ground, trenches oriented parallel and perpendicular to the blast, etc. The protective effects of shielding from different military vehicles and buildings were also studied. The types, degrees of severity, and clinical course of illness from the injuries produced were carefully studied in order to better understand the pathogenic mechanisms of injury and the likelihood of efficacy of proposed treatment measures.

Subject Categories:

  • Nuclear Radiation Shielding, Protection and Safety
  • Nuclear Weapons

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE