Accession Number:

ADA485451

Title:

The Prachanda Path and Oglaigh na hEireann: A Comparative Case Study of the Insurgencies in Nepal and Northern Ireland

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2008-05-22

Pagination or Media Count:

56.0

Abstract:

There are many different types and classifications of insurgencies. Two major types are leftist, Maoist-style insurgencies and right-wing, nationalistreligious-style insurgencies. As the right-wing, nationalistreligious-style insurgencies continue to grow and gain momentum, the question becomes, Are right-wing, nationalistreligious-style insurgencies better structured and equipped to succeed than the leftist-style insurgencies To answer this question, this monograph will analyze the structure, tactical levels of discipline, operational focus, and insurgent strategies of two modern insurgencies the Irish Republican Movement in Northern Ireland and the Maoist Rebels in Nepal. The Communist Party of Nepal Maoist CPNM initiated its insurgency in 1996, when it started a peoples war against the government of Nepal. The CPNMs main goals were to establish a communist government in Nepal, remove the monarchical system, and remove the caste system from the country. The CPNM is an egalitarian type of insurgency that uses Mao Tse-Tungs Protracted Peoples War strategy. However, they have modified the strategy over the past few years to incorporate urban terrorist operations. This new strategy is called the Prachanda Path, named after the leader of the CPNM--Prachanda. The Provincial Irish Republican Army PIRA Oglaigh na hEireann in Gaelic started in 1969 when it split from the Official Irish Republican Army. Their initial goals were to protect the Catholic minority in Northern Ireland, force the British to leave Northern Ireland, and unite Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland as one country. They are a secessionist insurgency that uses an urban insurgent strategy. They conduct terrorism in Northern Ireland and abroad to try to force the government of the United Kingdom to the negotiating table. Their political party arm is Sinn Fein.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Unconventional Warfare

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE