Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Prescribing Running Shoes Based on Foot Shape in Air Force Basic Military Training
Final rept. Apr-Jul 2007
ARMY CENTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE ABERDEEN PROVING GROUN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH ENGINEERING DIRECTORATE
Pagination or Media Count:
In response to a request from the Military Training Task Force of the Defense Safety Oversight Council this study examined whether prescribing running shoes based on the shape of the plantar surface influenced injury risk in Air Force Basic Military Training BMT. After foot examinations BMT recruits in an experimental group E n1,042 men 375 women were prescribed motion control stability or cushioned shoes for plantar shapes indicative of low medium or high arches respectively. A control group C n913 men, 346 women received a stability shoe regardless of plantar shape. Injuries during BMT were determined from outpatient visits provided by the Army Medical Surveillance Activity now the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. Other known injury risk factors e.g. fitness smoking were obtained from a questionnaire existing databases or BMT units. Multivariate Cox regression controlling for other risk factors showed little difference between the E and C groups among men hazard ratio EC1.11, 95 confidence interval0.89-1.38 or women hazard ratioEC1.14, 95 confidence interval 0.85-1.55. This prospective study demonstrated that prescribing shoes on the basis of the shape of the plantar foot surface had little influence on injury risk in BMT even after control of other injury risk factors.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology
- Protective Equipment