Inertially Stabilized Platforms for SATCOM On-The-Move Applications: A Hybrid Open/Closed-Loop Antenna Pointing Strategy
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE DEPT OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS
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The increasing need for timely information in any environment has led to the development of mobile SATCOM terminals. SATCOM terminals seeking to achieve high data-rate communications require inertial antenna pointing to within fractions of a degree. The base motion of the antenna platform complicates the pointing problem and must be accounted for in mobile SATCOM applications. Antenna Positioner Systems APSs provide Inertially Stabilized Platforms ISPs for accurate antenna pointing and may operate in either an open or closed-loop fashion. Closed-loop antenna pointing strategies provide greater inertial pointing accuracies but typically come at the expense of more complex and costly systems. This thesis defines a nominal two-axis APS used on an EHF SATCOM terminal on a 707 aircraft. The nominal APS seeks to accomplish mobile SATCOM using the simplest possible system therefore, the system incorporates no hardware specific to closed-loop pointing. This thesis demonstrates that the nominal APS may achieve accurate antenna pointing for an airborne SATCOM application using a hybrid openclosed-loop pointing strategy. The nominal APS implements the hybrid pointing strategy by employing an open-loop pedestal feedback controller in conjunction with a step-tracking procedure. The open-loop feedback controller is developed using optimal control techniques, and the pointing performance of the controller with the nominal APS is determined through simulation. This thesis develops closed-loop step-tracking algorithms to compensate for open-loop pointing errors. The pointing performance of several step-tracking algorithms is examined in both spatial pull-in and tracking simulations in order to determine the feasibility of employing hybrid pointing strategies on mobile SATCOM terminals.
- Theoretical Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment