Homeland Security: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Border Surveillance
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Within the Department of Homeland Security DHS, Customs and Border Protection CBP is the lead agency charged with securing our nations borders. While CBP is charged with overall border enforcement, within the bureau a distinction is made concerning border enforcement at and between ports of entry POE. At POE, CBP officers are responsible for conducting immigrations, customs, and agricultural inspections on individuals presenting themselves for entry into the United States. Between POE, the United States Border Patrol USBP is charged with detecting and preventing the entry of terrorists, weapons of mass destruction, and unauthorized aliens into the country, and interdicting drug smugglers and other criminals. Congress has expressed a great deal of interest in using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAVs to surveil the United States international land border. This report examines the strengths and limitations of deploying UAVs along the borders and related issues for Congress. This report will be updated as events warrant.
- Pilotless Aircraft
- Civil Defense