Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal Aliens
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Immigration and Nationality Act INA spells out a strict set of admissions criteria and exclusion rules for all foreign nationals who come permanently to the United States as immigrants i.e., legal permanent residents or temporarily as nonimmigrants. Notably, any alien who engages in terrorist activity, or is a representative or member of a designated foreign terrorist organization, is generally inadmissible. After the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the INA was broadened to deny entry to representatives of groups that endorse terrorism, prominent individuals who endorse terrorism, and in certain circumstances spouses and children of aliens who are removable on terrorism grounds. The INA also contains grounds for inadmissibility based on foreign policy concerns. The report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States also known as the 911 Commission concluded that the key officials responsible for determining alien admissions consular officers abroad and immigration inspectors in the United States were not considered full partners in counterterrorism efforts prior to September 11, 2001, and as a result, opportunities to intercept the September 11 terrorists were missed. The 911 Commissions monograph, 911 and Terrorist Travel, underscored the importance of the border security functions of immigration law and policy. This report opens with an overview of the grounds for inadmissibility and summarizes key legislation enacted in recent years. The section on current law explains the legal definitions of terrorist activity, engage in terrorist activity, and terrorist organization, and describes the terrorism-related grounds for inadmissibility and removal.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law