The Role of Vitamin D Stimulation of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS) in Prostate Cancer Therapy
Annual rept. 30 Nov 2006-29 Nov 2007
STANFORD UNIV CA
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This grant investigates the potential use of calcitriol regulation of mullerian inhibitory substance MIS expression as an incremental therapy for prostate cancer. We have established that calcitriol 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 directly stimulates MIS expression by binding to the vitamin D receptor VDR and directing the hormone-receptor complex to bind to a vitamin D regulatory element VDRE in the MIS promoter. We have attempted to demonstrate that combination of calcitriol and MIS achieve increased potency to inhibit prostate cancer cell growth compared to either drug alone. However, this has not yet been accomplished. We further demonstrated the interaction of calcitriol- VDR with other transcription factors, SF-1, SOX-9 and GATA-4, to act together to synergistically increase MIS expression in prostate cancer cells. We believe that some of calcitriols action to inhibit prostate cancer cell growth is due to stimulation of MIS and this work plans to substantiate this hypothesis and lay the ground work to translate this information to clinical trials in men with prostate cancer.
- Medicine and Medical Research