Incorporating Fluorescent Dyes and Quantum Dots into Magnetic Microbeads for Immunoassays
Short technical rept.
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC
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Microbeads that are both paramagnetic and fluorescently labeled are commercially available in colors spanning the visible spectrum. Although these commercial beads can be bright, polydispersity in both size and fluorescent intensity limit their use in quantitative assays. Very recently, more monodisperse beads have become available, but their large size and surface properties make them less than ideal for some bioassay applications. Here we describe methods to customize commercial nonfluorescent magnetic microparticles with fluorescent dyes and quantum dots QDs without affecting their magnetic or surface chemical properties. Fluorescent dyes and 3.3-nm diameter CdSeZnS QDs were sequestered within 0.8-micrometers diameter magnetic beads by swelling the polystyrene matrix of the bead in organic solvent, letting the chromophores partition, and then collapsing the matrix in polar solvents. Chromophore incorporation has been characterized using both UV-visible absorption spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy, with an average of 3 10exp 8 rhodamine 6G moleculesbead and 6 10exp 4 QDsbead. The modified beads are uniform in size and intensity, with optical properties comparable to currently available commercial beads. Immunoassay results obtained with our custom fluorescent magnetic microbeads are consistent with those obtained using conventional magnetic microbeads.
- Organic Chemistry
- Quantum Theory and Relativity
- Miscellaneous Materials