Accession Number:



Warfighters and Humanitarians: Integrating Technology to Save Lives

Descriptive Note:

Research paper

Corporate Author:


Personal Author(s):

Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



The Department of Defense DoD and civilian relief agencies nongovernmental organizations, or NGOs have not effectively integrated communication and data system technologies into their combined humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. Future humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions will require DoD forces to integrate with NGOs. Voice and data communications, critical at all levels, are most challenging at the tactical level. The tactical Civil-Military Operations Center CMOC has developed into a binding organization between the military and NGOs. Operations Provide Comfort, Sea Angel, Restore Hope, and Support Hope provided four common themes concerning tactical level military-NGO communications daily face-to-face meetings have been the most effective means of communication NGOs do not have the capability to provide themselves robust communications capabilities military commanders often desire to support NGOs communication efforts, allowing for improved military-NGO relief efforts and NGOs must have a need to communicate with the CMOC. Todays communications interfaces can take three forms meetings, single channel radio SCR communications, and host nation infrastructure use. Military-NGO meetings must be tailored to emphasize relief, vice warfighting, and provide the NGOs utility. These meetings will continue to be crucial for CMOC functionality. SCR has inherent advantages and disadvantages for each operation the use of SCR must be considered as a coordination tool between the military and NGOs. The fundamental advantage of SCR is timeliness, while its disadvantages include security equipment and personnel, legal issues, and NGOs logistic and fiscal supportability. Analysis of host nation infrastructure capabilities for radio, telephone, and data systems integration must be accomplished before each operation.

Subject Categories:

  • Unconventional Warfare
  • Telemetry
  • Radio Communications
  • Non-Radio Communications

Distribution Statement: