The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Second Assessment and Recommendations of the National Nanotechnology Advisory Panel
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT WASHINGTON DC PRESIDENT'S COUNCIL OF ADVISORS ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
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The National Nanotechnology Advisory Panel NNAP was created by the United States Congress in the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act P.L. 108-153, signed by President Bush on December 3, 2003. The Act required the President to establish or designate an NNAP to review the Federal nanotechnology research and development program. On July 23, 2004, President Bush formally designated the Presidents Council of Advisors on Science and Technology PCAST to act as the NNAP. The Act that created the NNAP calls for this advisory body to conduct a review of the NNI and report its findings to the President. The Act calls upon the NNAP to assess the trends and developments in nanotechnology, and the strategic direction of the NNI, particularly as it relates to maintaining U.S. leadership in nanotechnology research. The Act also requires comment on NNI program activities, management, coordination, implementation, and whether the program is adequately addressing societal, ethical, legal, environmental, and workforce issues. The Act calls for the NNAP to report on its assessments and to make recommendations for ways to improve the program at least every two years. The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy is to transmit a copy of the NNAP report to Congress. This is the second report of the NNAP under the Act. Since the first report, increasing attention has been focused on the potential risks of nanotechnology, especially the possible harm to human health and the environment from nanomaterials. In this second assessment, the NNAP paid special attention to the NNI efforts in these areas.
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